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The original of the below transcribed document was passed on to me by Harriet HARNEY ANVILLE about 1997. She referred to it as "Aunt Sue's Journal." Aunt Sue being Esthur Olevia (Sue) SNODGRASS JENKINS. The original is hand written in pencil on 30 sheets of yellowed paper (20 sheets are two hole 8" x 10-1/2" lined notebook paper, the other 10 are unlined white paper of a slightly smaller size). Some sheets are written on both sides while others have just one side used. Some of the pages are numbered and some are not. Page numbers are shown here thus - [2], where a new page starts and it's numbered I show it as [ ]. Text that was lined out on the original is shown as lined out. I found the document both interesting and informative. Hopefully you will too.

Omer Leslie Snodgrass II 13 February 2000

"Aunt Sue's Journal"


Dear tribe of Emma and Tom:

I was always fond of my Aunt Lizzie Lash. One of my uncomfortable memories is of the embarrassment I caused Ma when she took her brood of younguns to visit Aunt Lizzie and Uncle Joe in the nice brick farm house near Auburn, Nebraska. I locked myself in the bathroom and was too small to understand the frantic directions Aunt Lizzie and Ma tried to give me for unlocking it. They got me out by taking the screen off the window. I made them all late for Chautauqua. Your Uncle Wayne had his birthday February 4, one year to the day later than Aunt Lizzies. He and she were always special friends in spite of the fact that Wayne on the above mentioned trip flooded the bathroom by leaving the faucets running. So much for our first experiences with new fangled plumbing.

[4b] Dear tribe of Emma and Tom:

I was always very fond of my Aunt Lizzie Lash. Matter of fact & home loving, she kept the home fires burning while her prosperous fun loving husband raced horses in Paris.

Lizzie Starr gave the living room of her fathers new house a careful final inspection. She had scrubbed and scoured the white ash floor to even greater whiteness with sand. Now she must get herself ready. Her father Phillip watched her lovingly as she combed her shining yellow hair. She braided it into two long braids. No braids could be smother or neater than Lizzie’s taffy ones. "Just the image of my mammy", commented Phillip.

The efficient thrifty Lizzie was never in a hurry. No need to change into her new calico yet and give it extra wear and run a chance of wrinkling it. All was well and wisely planned even to the exact timing of her beau’s arrival. Her little sister Emmie did not leave the assigned post outside. Her red curls bobbed up and down as she swung on the gate until she saw the dapper young Joseph Lash from Highland neighborhood come into sight on his handsome black saddle horse. She watched him a moment her admiration mingled with awe. "I don’t know whether he’s a bigger dandy than Belle’s beau or not," she compared "Charley Parker has a velvet suit, but they both bring me candy." Recalling her duty she rushed to the door and warned Lizzie.

"I won’t let Joe see me in this old homespun" thought Lizzie as she changed to the prized store bought calico, "Son, I know in reason the Lash women wear calico even for every day."

To you Phyllis and Dorothy, Lizzie’s thinking probably would appear to be in reverse. You would change from your print to a ‘honey’ of a homespun suit if you could get it. Irvin S. Cobb was right when he said " A delicacy is anything not raised in your own country."

[5] Dear nieces and nephews - contemporaries of Hitler, Stalin and Mussolini, sharers in the great unrest of the times of World War II.

It was the day to go to the annual camp meeting. William and Hewitt loaded into the wagon the big chest of food - pies, cakes, preserves, canned fruit and staples. They loaded the bureau full of clothes, bedding, tents, a few chairs and table. The big boys would come home each day to do the chores so it would not be serious if anything was forgotten.

This year 1870 the camp was near home over by the DeLay place on the Starr branch of the Nemaha River. It was sometimes held on Honey Creek in the Highland neighborhood near the Lash and the Good homes. Children were allowed to pay visits freely in the tents of their friends. There was much visiting for the two weeks of camp. There was a great pleasure in meeting the old friends from far and wide who camped every year. "Father Burns" beloved circuit rider had settled among them and lived there three years. On the Starrs arrival Emma’s big sister Belle at once found the minister’s daughter Lou. They were great friends - partners in much innocent mischief. * The Highland, Lafayette and Charter Oak Sunday Schools were all there and held Union Sunday school at the camp meeting. Just as you would find at a present day picnic or celebration there were refreshment stands set up to make money. Often these were run by church organizations.

Emma age 9, felt rich over the 10 cent paper bill her generous father had given her. She hurried away with a happy skip and a hop to treat her niece Mary. What to buy? They were intent on this problem. They weighed in their minds the virtues of peanuts candy as compared to stripped stick candy. Or should they buy pink lemonade? A hard wind [6] almost blew off Emma’s pretty little poke bonnet. As she clutched at the hat she lost her precious paper money, value 10 cents, on the wings of the wind. All their heartbroken searching could not discover it. When Emma very sure of his generosity appealed to her kind father for another bill his German thrift and discipline overcame his natural indulgence of his family and he took this opportunity to teach Emma a long remembered lesson in responsibility in financial matters. There was no treat that day.

The fellowship of Christian minds was very real at camp meeting. Emma attended an afternoon meeting to practice singing for the night meeting. It was begun by prayer. Prayer was not an annual emotional diversion to Emma. Every morning in the Starr family the days life was begun by family prayers. Phillip Starr always read from the big bible that rested on its special little homemade stand or pedestal made especially for it. You can see that bible now in the old corner cupboard in Coryell Park. Your great uncle Jakes son Rev Starr now deceased read from it when he preached to our Starr reunion in 19_ blank _. Its worn appearance would surprise and delight a modern minister. To this day that worn bible gives the same eloquent testimony which your great grandfather & great grandmother Starr withheld in public camp meetings but poured out daily in sincere prayers in the home circle. Yes prayers were dearly familiar to Emma because that father’s and mother’s life daily demonstrated the power of prayer.

Hence it was a natural occurrence to Emma that young Edd Marcellus and other young people came to this afternoon meeting saying "Pray for me" The Methodist audience knelt for prayer * Emma kneeling with the crowd was suddenly conscious that her mother was kneeling beside her. "Emma", the mother asked, "don’t you think you are old enough to think about beginning the Christian life?" Emma at age 80 says "She prayed [7] there and I felt a great blessing. It is the most sacred memory of my life." * There were so many conversions that soon after the Baptist Church at Brock was organized in addition to the earlier organized Methodist Church. The Edminsen boys, Harlan and Jonathan and the Robinson brothers, Jim and Sam, were converted in that meeting.

I have no futile foolish desire to impress you young moderns with the superiority of the times and people of which I write to you. You know better than I can ever tell you that you yourselves are pioneers in the realm of social understanding and have new problems of democratic world wide government. Such pioneering is far more subtle and complicated than theirs was. Many of you know your grandmother Emma well enough to know her broadminded sympathy with your problems. Born in the year the Civil War began, she has kept through eighty years of great social change her respect for human personalities however they might differ from her own. In these unsettled times longing for our salvation does not lie in the sure simple ways of our forebears. Exact imitation of them is of course impossible in our modern life. But even while you envy the satisfactions they must have found in sure quick reward for honest effort, can’t you imagine the voice of your great grandfather Phillip Starr reading from the old bible, Psalms 24:46 "He that hath clean hands and a pure heart who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity [8] nor sworn deceitfully. He shall receive the blessing from the Lord and righteousness from the God of his salvation".

Thank God we are Starrs. Let us more fervently thank God we are Americans. We are still privileged to open the bible of our fathers. We can take to ourselves as fully as they these words: "This is the generation of them that seek him that seek thy face." * The secret of the good life lies not in place nor time nor family background. The secret lies rather in how fully we yield ourselves to the timeless leadership of that force which has always guided people in the good life. Our race and creed happen to call this force God.

Dear married nieces & nephews.

Losing babies

Joe & Lizzies first in old house.

Kitty & Wm’s first

Sudie Howard died in childbirth

Matt & Simeon’s

Emma & Tom’s Arthur

Lavina DeLay Townsend buried on (died in childbirth)

[9] Dear nieces & nephews; products of modern schools

Emma still has embossed certificates for good conduct in school signed by the teacher with fancy swirls and flourishes. Name cards were precious souvenirs exchanged by friends. Lucky was the girl who could get a good penman to write her name perhaps in colored ink and decorate such cards for her. The same pride in hand writing is shown in Emma’s autograph book in which a serious _________________ precede each friends name.

Emma started to school to her oldest sister Catherine more commonly known as Cassie at Lafayete school. It was then near the farms you know as Elsie Horn and Enoch Haneline farms. It was a long walk over the prairie to school. Long horned Texas steers brought in one year to range on the prairies terrified the little girl. Her father or one of her brothers often met her on the way from school and took her up on their horse to ride home behind his saddle. It was a subscription school, Cassie being paid by donations from the parents. * Edd Rohrobaugh came to the Starr home to do chores for his board while he attended Lafayette school for a short term of writing school. You can still detect in your grandmother Emma’s careful handwriting the careful practice she received in that annual night writing school. The winter Edd attended he won second prize and one of the Jewell boys won first. A great deal was made of fine Spencerian hand writing.

* Emma at about age _ blank _ became the proud owner of a nice saddle horse of her own. She rode it in a old fashioned side saddle, her riding skirt hanging in long folds to completely cover the limbs now boldly referred to as legs.

Edd was a tease. He would stroll in front of Emma’s horse on the way to school and delay her. Emma was more pleased than annoyed by this. When Edd received a death message calling him home to Peoria, Illinois he said goodbye to the motherly Mary Ann Starr and the rest of the family. He looked at the old cupboard and spoke of the good food he had dad from there and of the fine hospitality that had offered it. He was to meet Buckridges out on the prairie and ride to Nebraska City to the train. "I won’t tell Emma goodbye" he said, "I’ll kiss her on her way to school" but on the way to school he suddenly caught sight of Buckridges disappearing [10a] over the hill. He forgot the kiss and hurried to catch them. Years later he returned and married a woman on Spring Creek.

* The classes were large. Emma was irritated that no mattter how far through the reader or arithmetic the pupils had worked by spring always the next fall her teacher started them in at the beginning again. One teacher - more alert than the rest gave them a start in the study of astronomy that challenged Emma’s imagination.

There was much crude horse play by big boys over whom most of the teachers had little control. She recalls a lean middle aged moustached man who sprawled in his chair with his long legs stretched out on his desk and smoked an evil smelling pipe filled with home grown tobacco. Crude goings on of some boys in the neighborhood of the ladies powder room were indignantly reported by the big girls. This exponent of education for once interrupted his noon rest by lounging to the nearest window and calling mildly "Boys git away from thet thar bildin."

Then there was the young man teacher who left sweet love notes in the desk of one young lady pupil who with many of her jealous school mates had long since graduated from cultivation of the mind to intense cultivation of the heart.

Emma herself enjoyed cleaver poems left in her desk by one __ blank __ Green school boy.

She sometimes stayed over night with Sudie Howard her best friend who lived close to the school at the farm where Hanelines live now. On these evenings Emma felt quite grown-up helping motherless Sudie cook & clean for her father and many brothers. Worn with hard household duties for her father and many brothers, she early contracted "quick consumption" and died soon after her marriage.

* Edd R. (note in margin: Spelling Schl Singing Schl)

All the young folks went in wagons or on horseback to singing school at Glenrock. Brother Hewitt would never miss a night of this after he met Hattie Good sister of Kitty. She and her brothers Oliver, Ellis, Jacob and ___ blank ___ were about the best singers [10b] in the whole singing school. Hewitt was the last of the Starr boys to marry. He was chivalrous and gay with his mother and sisters. He and his sister Belle were great pals. He made a pet of Emmie __ blank ___ years younger than he. One evening Sarah, Rucia, Belle, Jackie and Hewitt were all preparing for the __ blank __ mile trip to Glenrock singing school. Emmie was delighted beyond measure to hear Hewitt’s plea to his mother, "Ain’t Emmie going too?" Polly Starr knew her baby was young for singing school but she was easily persuaded to trust Emmie with one so dependable and attentive as Hewitt. And so started Emmies frequent attendance at singing schools which furnished her with some of the happiest memories of her life.

Somebody said that a people who sing together a great deal are always a progressive peace loving people. Is there some slight connection, I wonder between our change from singing to radio and talkie listening and our present entanglement in defense.

In 1881 attendance at Lafayette School had become big enough that the district was divided into two. The old school building in which your grandmother started to school to her sisted Carrie was moved to a site 1/4 mile straight east of the Starr house.

There Emmie’s sisters Rucia and Sarah taught subscription schools. There Cassie’s children attended school years later and the writer and her brothers Wilbur, Wayne and Floyd went to school there first to their sister Gertrude (now Harney) and later to Evelyn Black. Afterward Evelyn married their sister Roy. In this same school Roy’s little sons Arloe and Vardiman started to school to the writer.

The Starr list of schoolteachers comprise also Mary Starr Smith, Bertha Lash Blake, Pearl Parker, Myrtle Parker, Blanche Snodgrass Branstitter, Ruby Tolmann

[10c] Katy Ann Starr stirred restlessly under the droning voice of Father Burns. Queer that she should suddenly feel herself a stranger here among William’s people, in William’s home, sitting beside William’s mother. Mother Starr appeared to be examining closely through near sighted eyes the dainty lace Katy had finished last night and whipped into the neck of her baby Arlie’s dress. But Katy even before she saw a tear ________ dropped on the baby’s head that Mary Ann Starr’s thoughts were not on lace. Katy could fairly hear the wild anxiety of Mary Ann’s heart. She knew her mother-in-law had not stopped for one moment her silent prayer for the safe return of her own first born since Rev. Burns had voiced it for the whole congregation a half hour ago. In a quick rush of shame for feeling herself a stranger here, Katy touched Mary Ann’s hand and turned toward the window to hide her blinding tears. William and Hewitt had left a month ago on their third freighting trip to Denver with __ blank __ wagons of corn. After the last trip they had brought Widow ___ blank ____ of Peru a $1000.00 bill in payment for the corn they had sold for her. They had been due home for over a week when news was carried back of an Indian massacre near Cottonwood _____.

[10d] Father Burns was having a difficult time to keep his own mind on his sermon. "O, Glory! there they come" shouted Katy. The crowd rose as one peson no one heard Rev. Burns hasty "Church is dismissed." They were swarming about William’s and Hewitt’s wagons greetings and questions mingled in happy excited confusion. At last the story was told.

They had met terrified whites hurrying to the fort for safety. Bodies lay in the wagon boxes and human blood dripped on the road as the wagons rattled gruesomely past them. They too had turned back to the fort, were held there __ blank _____ days and then returned home with their unsold freight & glad to bring with it a whole skin.

[(11)] We Call the Roll

Your graet grandfather Phillip Starr gave the land for the last site of Lafayette School and contributed to the establishment of Nebraska State Normal School. Perhaps he would consider part of the return on his investment this list of descendents who have entered the professions. Some of these attended school at Peru.

Of William’s house: his daughter Mary Smith and his grandson Lloyd Weaver instructor at ______blank_________.

Of Hewitt’s house: his son

and his grand daughters

Of Susan Jane’s house: her son Arthur Haywood, lawyer.

Of Catherine’s house: her grand daughters Mable Weaver Neale and Myrtle Weaver Moog.

Of Lizzie’s house: her daughter Bertha Lash Blake and her drand daughters Gladys Lash __ blank __ and ___ blank ___ Lash Hauptmann.

Of Belle’s house: her daughters Pearl and ?Myrtle Parker.

Of Jackie’s house: his son John Starr, Methodist Minister.

Of Sarah’s house: her daughter Ruby Tolman Bush.

Of Rucia’s house: her daughters Mable Breese Wilson and Fae Breese __ blank __.

Of Emma’s house her daughters Gertrude Snodgrass Harney, Blanche Snodgrass Branstiter and Esther.

[11] Great Grandfather Starrs farm investment was good. He paid $1.25 an acre for __ blank __ acres. It was sold in ___ blank ___ to ___ blank ___ at ___ blank ___. As his sons married he settled them on farms nearby. They paid him out of the increase of their farms at a speed which you young renters would envy. William, oldest son, was married first and kept house the first year in his fathers old house*. He and Katy bought a place of Kellys (Katy’s) father Jacob and his first crop of wheat paid for it.

Call roll on farmers descendents, close with comments of comparison and quote Roy on hogs when I was starting to college.

Public Service Freighters Civil War Jim Howard at our place when World War No 1 declared. Roll call on soldiers descendants and holders of public office.

The Starrs under their orbits.

The oldest son Wm. was the first to be married. He married Catherine Good and brought his bride to live in his father’s home - the first house Phillip built on the farm.

They lost their first born Katy endeared herself to the whole household* They

One day Wm. came into the house and found his wife Kitty sewing. "What you making Kitty?" he inquired. "My shroud," was the terse answer. Wm’s heart stood still. Was Katy that bad off? The next day he struck sale bills. He sold out and took his ailing Kitty to California where her health improved to the happy extent that she wore no shroud until 193?.

Your fathers and mothers and all their generation of Starr’s adored this romantic old couple when they came to visit [12] in their last years. Aunt Katy’s first comment was likely to be, "I’m not dead yet -- Don’t I just hang on!" Yes, her health improved in California and many are those who to this day are glad that it did. They returned to Brock in __ blank __. By this time Hewitt had married Hattie Good and settled on the farm next west of his fathers home. Will Biere lives there now. Jacob _______ called Jackie, married ____ blank ____ Good, sister of Katie in ___ blank ___. His parents had probably had doubts that their second son Jackie would ever settle down to marry. He was a great one in a wrestleing match and loved his fun. But now he followed the groove set by Wm. he married a Good _____ blank _____ in ___ blank ___. They settled on a farm about two miles _____ blank _____ now occupied by _____ blank _____.

Hewitt married Hattie Good on Christmas day 187?, the third Starr boy to marry a daughter of Jacob Good. His father commented that though Hewitt was marrying a Good girl in two senses of the word, he was beginning to fear that folks would think his children could marry no one else but Good’s. It has been whispered that a romance was started between Lizzie Starr and Oliver Good and also between Cassie Starr and Jacob Good. Perhaps some of the parties involved agreed with grand father Phillip, "My Starrs! There can be too much of a Good thing!" Hewitt and Hattie left ?March? with Hatties parents to ????? get for Wm. and Katy’s in Cal. They all returned to Brock the next July. William and Hewitt took the Brock flour mill on a bad debt and both families moved into town . Wm’s Bert and Hewitt’s Clarence and Alby wewnt to Lincoln to study milling and returned to help in the mill. They delivered flour as far away as Tecumseh, Nebraska. They continued in the mill for __ blank __ years. You can see a few stone remains of the mill on the south bank of the Nemaha river as you cross the north bridge connecting into Brock. They went for the old people’s health.

Lizzie married the aforementioned Joseph Lash on ____ blank ____. They went to farming on _________ blank _____________. The next day they drove to the Infair dinner at the home of the grooms parents in a shining topped new buggy. Now, when folks in those parts saw a buggy coming they were likely to think it was the sheriff. The newly weds enjoyed this exciting of neighbors wonder & commented on Infair day only. The buggy belonged to Joe’s father. "And what you may ask was an Infair" it was the celebration that was always held at the groom’s home the day after the wedding. at the brides home

Emma recalls running to meet Joe & Lizzie every Sunday for a long time thereafter as they came on horseback.

[13] Put in chronological order. Insert homelife after father died. Susan Jane’s death.

Belle married Charley Parker on ___ blank ___ 18_ blank _ and they went to live on his fathers place at ______ blank ______.

Catherine married Will Cathcart on ___ blank ___ 18_ blank _. Each of the Starr girls owned a nice saddle horse. Much of their courting was carried on by horseback. The girls’ suitor would come horseback and saddle his sweetheart’s horse for her. Away they would canter in a jolly group of sometimes six or eight to attend church or singing school. Will Cathcart went to some trouble to buy just the right horse so he and Catherine could drive a matched team after they were married. They lived on land joining Phillips on the northwest. Here they lost three boys and reared three daughters Lola, Nettie and Cora. Young Emma often visited at the home of these big brothers and sisters and helped take care of Lola, Nettie of Hewitts boys Clarence and Alvie and of Lizzie’s Bertha and Guy. She stayed with Cassie one school term and drove a cart to take Lola & Nettie to school at Mohawk. She was 15 when she spent the night at Lizzies the night that Guy was born. She took little Bertha into bed with her and cried with her because her nose was out of joint.

[ ?14? ] Dear second generation of the tribe of Emma and Tom:

I want to introduce you in this chapter to Aunt Lizzie. A visit to their spacious brick farmhouse near Auburn at Chautauqua time was an event. Her fond greeting of Emmie, her spick and span house, her delicious hearty meals, her well built prosperous fat husband, who shook with amusement at his wife’s matter of fact acceptance of his jokes, the thrilling moment on Pat L’s back and Uncle Joe’s announcement that now we had ridden the champion trotter of the world -- all these spell that peculiar combination of affluence and hospitality that I associate with Aunt Lizzie and Uncle Joe.

(Died at Excelsior Springs, Mo. Had grown apart Enjoyed those last days in cottage there)

She kept the home fires burning while he raced horses in Paris. She went with him to Mexico when he looked after interest in a silver mine. preceeded him out of Mexico barely escaping a revolution in ____ on ___ blank ___ 18_ blank _ ____. All the whole exciting way home she carried with her a copper kettle and her young children Bertha and Guy. That copper kettle is symbolic of her thrifty home loving nature.

I remember the religious fervor with which she sang "How Firm a Foundation" under the walnut trees along the Starr branch. Yncle Joe’s death hotel

When Mother received her annual visit from "the girls" her widowed sisters Lizzie, Belle and Sarah at Clover Hill Farm we always took them to visit their childhood home a half mile away.

I remember sitting with Mother and Aunt Lizzie along ends........

[14a] It was Christmas eve 1875. The crowd of young folks from around Brock and the crowd of young folks from around Johnson had met at Union school for the program. Emma, aged 14 noted with interest the arrival of a young man carrying a carpet satchel. On furtive inquiry she learned that this was young Tom Snodgrass, age 24, who had just arrived from a trip to California where he had gone for work. He had walked from the railroad station at Nebraska City a distance of about 25 miles. He was lustily greeted by his friends from Johnson. He rode home from the program with the ?Fraquer? boys and walked to his own home the next day. The next March 1876, Centennial year (?) he came to work for Phillip Starr. Like most hired men of the day he was accepted as their equal and beaued the three young sisters together so many places that no one knew which of the Starr girls he was smitten with -- Rucia, Sarah or Emma. He had great respect for his employer. He learned early not to discuss the human frailities of anyone in the heighborhood without first checking to learn whether or not they were related to the Starrs. [14b] The Starr latchstring was always out to numerous relatives who liked to visit Uncle Phillip and "Aunt Polly" (Mary Ann).


Phillip bragged a bit to a group of nephews visiting him one day about his skill at jumping as a boy. He had practiced a great deal from a big red rock on his Illinois home. They challenged him to a jumping contest. Though he was 55, he won. The boys had just enough cigars for one each for their own group. He saw their hesitation at offering him one. They did offer him one however expecting him to refuse because he smoked a pipe. They roared at the nonchalance with which he took it. The twinkle in his eye gave him away.

Now that Hewitt was married Phillip hired men to help him farm and gradually retired from the more active work. In those days, probably because of the rigorous life they had lived, people of age 60 were regarded as old. They were granted all the deference which is now reserved for people in the 80’s.

* Simeon Robinson son of Phillip’s youngest sister ___ blank ___ brought his pretty bride Matt from Illinois to live on the farm adjoining the Starr place on the N East. Simeon combined with his farming an efficient jor of teaching in the original halh of Lafayette district on the old site. Their first baby died on this place. Emma, Rucia and Tom went over in the afternoon to offer condolence and help. Emma & Tom returned home and did the chores. A big rain was falling but they only bound to return to Simeon’s to sit up for the night even though they had to cross the now roaring flooded stream and the night was pitch dark. Their only fords a footlog precarious at best was now covered with several inches of water. But Tom & Emma braved it carrying a lantern.

Emma, Rucia(?), and Sarah went with their father on a wagon trip to Nebraska City expecting to arrive home late the same night. After the darkness settled down on them on the way home, Phillip deliberatley pulled the horses off the right road. The girls knew he was wrong but could not convince him. At last he admitted his confusion but would not accept their sure assertion that they were near home. He hushed them more sharpley than was his habit, unhitched the team, and camped for the night awaiting daylight to settle the question.

The girls giggled to themselves in the night when they recognized the fog horn voice of Wilkes Wakelin calling his dog. This confirmed what they had suspected all along.

They watched Phillip in the early morning light getting his bearings and admitting to himself that his daughters were right. They had spent the night a half mile from home. They were first inclined to laugh at the idea of a man lost on the very section of land that cornered with his own. But the apparant hurt that replaced his usual good humor aroused pity instead. For the first time, they realized that their father was growing old.

He died Dec ?1776? (1876) centennial year, aged __ blank __. He left $1000 in trust for the afflicted Perry unable to care for himself.

[16] Mary Ann Starr was now left to manage the farm. She relied a great deal on her married sons William, Hewitt, and Jackie who lived nearby. Still at home were Perry and the three youngest girls, Sarah, Rucia and Emma. Tom Snodgrass was part of their hired help off and on for the next three years. ? He was gone for a term of school at Peru Normal again for a bookselling trip with Clarence Wright in Arkansas and again to Chicago for eye treatment.

Mary Ann, grief stricken at the loss of the husband upon whom she had relied so entirely was never herself again. But she was able in time to laugh at the pranks of the young folks around her. She shook with her characteristic silent laughter at the clever joke the girls played on Tom. He leaned against a post teasing them with smarty remarks. Unmindful that the girls were attracting his attention by apparent embarrassment at the teasing. All the while Emma was slyly placing a clothes line in a circle around him. At a signal from her, rushing cooperation of the three soon had Tom helplessly bound against the post. There he stayed until they chose to release him.


There was a period during this time that the mother and Rucia & Sarah had to spend in a dark room treating their sick eyes.

[17] ? In the spring of 1879 Mary Ann fell sick of dropsy. She was bedfast for many months and directed her inexperianced youngest daughter in the house work from her bed. She exacted a deathbed promise from the three girls that they would stay on the farm and keep Perry as long as possible. Emma was left an orphan at the age of 18. For a whole year according to custom the girls wore nothing but black and seldom appeared in public except for church or bussiness. The older married brothers and sisters advised them it was necessary to retain one or two hired men and suffer the attendant neighborhood gossip. Tom was one of these. He was one of the family especially kind to Perry.

The girls kept their promise to their mother & cared well for Perry for three years on the farm in spite of hardships and criticisms of neighbors.

When Tom proposed to her Emma recalls that she and Tom were standing before the old bureau. They were married on Febr. 24, 1881 only 9 days after Tom’s 29th birthday at their home. Emma’s dress was of stiff blue silk. It had a tight fitting basque and a draped over skirt that came up into a big bow at the back on a bustle. As is conventional no one remembers what the groom wore. The wedding was delayed some hours after the appointed high noon awaiting the arrival of Emmas very special niece friend Mary Starr from school at Peru Normal. A deep snowstorm delayed them. At __ blank __ o’clock the fatal words were spoken that determined for all of you what two of all the worlds possibilities were to become half of your grandparents. [18] This marriage broke up the household. They went to housekeeping on the Stone Quarry where Hanson Aldrich lives now. They bought this for ___ blank ___ and sold enough limestone to pay for it.

Rucia taught Lafayette school on the new site the rest of the winter after their marriage. Then Sarah and Rucia took Perry and moved to Brock. These two young ladies did a daring unusual thing for their times. They set up in bussiness for themselves. They ran a milliner store and took care of Perry. Their store stood __?_. [*18a] Sarah and Rucia followed Tom & Emma to Colby, Kansas and proved up on a claim near theirs. At the sametime they ran a milliner shop in Colby. Here Rucia met and married a young carpenter, Wellington Breese and lived ________ blank ______. Sarah married Arch Tolman and farmed with him near Colby until 19_ blank _ when he died of a sudden heart attack ????__________????? left her a widow with three daughters.

[18 cont] Emma kept her riding horse _____ One day she felt quite weighted down with her new responsibilities. She remembered that she hadn’t been on her horse for a long time. Instinctively she thought of a big sister. She saddled the horse with the side saddle, put on her riding skirt and rode the __ blank __ miles to visit Belle at the place where Massey’s now live between Brock and Johnson. Belle remonstrated with her for riding horseback while "in her condition". On the careful slow ride back Emma thought long long thoughts. The loss of her father and mother and the responsibility of home and Perry which she had shared had matured her somewhat. Today this realization of new and greater responsibility finished the job. Would she ever ride again with the carefree abandon of her girlhood? Her firstborn son, Omer arrived Febr. 22, 1882. By 1906 this young man had aquired the manly age of 24, a sheepskin from Nebraska State Agricultural College and best of all a highly nervous pretty bronco named Laurra. He yielded to Emma’s [19] insistance and saddled his horse with his mother’s side saddle.. Then he stood with the crowd of friends and brothers and sisters and shared with them the exciting fearful sight of Emma long unused to any horse galloping at full speed across the pasture of the 80 on a bronco that was considered a handful for hard riding young men and was unused to a side saddle much less a woman rider. The son’s received a severe reprimand from Harry Ramsey, Emma’s admiring young neighbor, but Emma received one of the greatest thrills of her life and returned to the barnlot unhurt and fully confident that she had had the horse under perfect control every minute.

Such was the intrepid sprint of your grandmother who in 18_ blank _ and _ blank _ pioneered on a Kansas claim in tent and dugout for 18 months. Who bore ten children and raised nine to grateful maturity.

Rode pony of Arlene’s kids

[ ] I had seen Tom at Charley Parkers He was there hunting with somebody. Next saw Tom Snodgrass just returned next saw Tom Snodgrass just returned from Calif. arrived by train. Had his carpet satchel along. Went home with Frazier boys & walked on home. Pointed out to me at Union School on Christmas Eve program, I was 16. He came to work for father next March 1876, Centennial year. Father died the next Dec I was 16 that April. Tom stayed at our home off and on until our marriage. trip to Arkansas to sell analysis of bible with Frank Clarence Wright. He got sore eyes, granulated lid, went to Chicago for treatment. He would be back for harvest and planting. Tchr sisters sent him Ma paid them out of her money from home. Went to Peru a while. Married Febr 24, 1881 Mother died three years after father. (Townsend father had married Delay girl.)

My 2 cousins, Dooley & Sam Townsend married sisters Lizzie & Lavina Delay daughters of Jacob. The 2 couples went to Calif in gold rush ‘49. Lavina died in childbirth buried on a mt on way Lizzie brot baby back.

Aunt Jane Villiars Delay Her father (minister) married J.M. Campbells mother. He is buried in Lafayette.

Big sisters called to mother We will take care of Emmy age 4 so I got to ride with class in extension wagon with seats ________ on high seat driver and girl - 2 chosen to carry big flag

Parade of Sun Schools Charter Oak, Highland, Lafayette. Young girls held streamers from big banner. Belle Higgins & Phobe DeLay All sang

Younger children rode in an extension wagon Had banner & these two banners led parade Celebration along

Now the glorious day has come

Day of Proclamation

Sound the symbol beat the drum

Over all the nation

Lizzie scrub & scour white ash floors with sand to get ready for Jac.

Camp meetings often Honey Creek in Highland neighborhood Often along Nemaha in Lafayette neighborhood. Sun Schools met there Father Burns on circuit 3 years popular Belle pal to Lou Burns

[ ] John Delay’s girl married at 15 They & several young married people had taffy pull at our house Lou Burns & Belle sat with blanket under them "Which you prefer? Single or married life" Married Then sit between the 2 ladies They got and let him down with such a bump he & his bride went home.

At the camp meeting near the John Delay place 1870 we young people all met to practice singing for nite meeting Dan Smith & I think Edd Marcellus & several other young people all came & said pray for me There mother came & knelt by me age 9 & asked Emma aren’t you old enough to think about beginning the christian life" She prayed there & I felt a great blessing Edminstons were converted in that meeting (Harlan & Jonathan Edminston families) Sam & Jim Robinson Baptist church was started soon after this.

Matt & Simeon Robertson (my cousins - fathers youngest sister’s child) came on wedding trip from Ill He bot place now owned by ?_____? of Joe Lash (who bot it of Wm) He farmed & taught school at Lafayette old site (Lafayette destroyed later divided into 2 districts 1881)


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